Wednesday, August 27th, 2003 – Day 190

Wednesday, August 27th, 2003 – Day 190

I was at the bus stop in the main square at 7.00pm last night. The bus fare to the airport was only 5 NZD and it took 30 minutes. The airport was empty when I arrived. A lot of the airport shops were closed and few people were about. One 2 check in desks were open and we that the only flight out that evening. I was supposed to pay Qantas 10 NZD for changing my flights dates but they let me off. I had to pay the New Zealand government 25 NZD for a departure tax though.

We left on time at 10.20pm and the flight was three hours and fifteen minutes. We arrived in Melbourne at 11.45pm. The flight food was good (pasta and Chicken) but in flight entertainment was bad. The flight was only 20% full and we had only had one big screen at the top of the cabin. Anybody seated back more than 10-15 rows could not see the film called A GUY THING. Most people had to move forward to the empty sets to see the movie. The movie itself was terrible. It was the worst ever. I watched 20 minutes and listened to the audio channels although there was no inflight magazine to be had, making listening choices difficult. In a sour note, they had an old Oirish Joke on there comedy Channel.

I arrived in Melbourne and passed with immigration even though they quizzed me why I had three entry stamps for Chile. I then got a bus to Spencer station in the city centre for 13 AUS. It took 30 minutes. Instead of getting a taxi, I walked to the hostel. There was not a car or a person on the streets at this time but I did not feel unsafe. I was impressed by the city and felt it had a big city atmosphere.

I booked a 4 person dorm, and luckily I was the only person in he dorm that night. I am paying 25 AUS per night.

I have been saving this for my arrival in Australia. For the benefit of the imminent arrivals…. How to tell if your a true blue, dinki di Aussie:

You’re not Australian until…………

1) You’ve mimicked Alf Stewart from the TV show Home and Away’s broad, Australian accent, eg. “push off, ya flamin’ drongo!”

2) You’ve had an argument with your mate over whether Ford or Holden makes the better car,

3) You’ve done the “hot sand” dance at the beach while running from the ocean back to your towel.

4) You know who Ray Martin is

5) You start using words like ‘bloody’ and ‘grouse’ and call people’champ’

6) You stop greeting people with ‘hello’ and go straight to the “how ya doin’?”

7) You’ve seriously considered running down the shop in a pair of Ugh Boots

8) you own a pair of ugh boots

9) You’ve been to a day-nighter cricket match and screamed out incomprehensibly until your throat went raw.

10) You kind of know the first verse to the national anthem, but buggered if you know what ‘girt’ means.

11) You have a story that somehow revolves around excess consumption of alcohol and a mate named ‘Dave’.

12) You’ve risked attending an outdoor music festival on the hottest day of the year.

13) You’ve tried to hang off a clothesline while pretending you can fly

14) You’ve had a visit to the emergency room after hanging off the clothesline pretending you can fly.

15) You own a pair of thongs for everyday use, and another pair of dress thongs’ for special occasions.

16) You don’t know what’s in a meat pie, and you don’t care

17) You pronounce Australia as “Straya”

18) You call soccer “soccer, not “football”

19) You’ve squeezed Vegemite through Vita Brits to make little Vegemite worms.

20) You suck your coffee through a Tim Tam.

21) You realise that lifeguards are the only people who can get away with wearing Speedos.

22) You pledge allegiance to Vegemite over Promite.

23) You understand the value of public holidays.

24) You’re weekends are spent barracking for your favourite sports team.

25) You have a toilet dolly

26) You’ve played beach cricket with a tennis ball and a bat fashioned out of a fence post.

27) You firmly believe that in the end, everything will be ok, and have told a mate in tough times that “She’ll be right, mate”

28) You use the phrase, “no worries” at least once a day.

29) You’ve been on a beach holiday and have probably stayed in a caravan.

30) You constantly shorten words to “brekkie”, “arvo” and “barbie”

31) You’ve adopted a local bar as your own.

32) You know the oath of mateship can never be limited by geographical distance. ”

THE MORNING AFTER….THE FLIGHT BEFORE

I was up at 8.00am and the hostel gives you free tea/coffee and two slices of toast between 8.00am and 9.00am.

I am related to an important historical figure in the city called Arch Bishop Daniel Mannix. My granmothers uncle, who was the Bishop of Ballarat in Australia was a first cousin of Dr. Mannix. The 2 first cousins were bishops in Australia at the same time. Of course Ballarat is famous.

Ballarat was the scene of Australia’s most famous civil insurrection. In the early morning of 3 December 1854, miners clashed with police and Government soldiers. In all, 28 men were killed and a large number wounded.

The word “Eureka” is the Greek word for “I have found it!” and was uttered by Archimedes (287-212 BC) when he discovered the method for determining the purity of gold in Kinh Hiero’s golden crown. From 1630 the term started to be generally used to express triumph on any discovery – not necessarily gold.

The word is still used widely in Ballarat – for naming streets, buildings and businesses. It is also the name of a derelict gold ghost town in, and the motto of, California.

I decided to Saint Patrick’s Cathedral go there and take a free tour at 10.00am. I was there at 9.30am and walked around. At 10.00am, I met Sister Peter. Her mother was Irish and she had been to Ireland. I was the only person doing the tour.

Anyway it was 1 hour long. She had a great interest in the cathedral and its history. She also spent a alot of time giving out to visitors to the church especially a whistling Americana and a a group of loud Japanese tourists. She said a lot of people treated the cathedral like a museum rather than a [place of worship. There was a cancer hospital nearby and a lot of people prayed here. She said as great cathedrals like this are not part of the culture in China and Japan, and they cause a lot of bother and noise when they visit as well as touching, lifting and examining religious items.

Anyway after seeing Dr. Mannix’s grave and the chapel dedicated to Irish Saints, she decided to do me a favor (she doesn’t do it for anybody else) and allowed me in the back rooms and sacristry. She and the Sacristan, Mr Michael Mahony of the church showed me all he gifts that the Irish church and government had given Dr. mannix and some of this portraits. She wanted to drive me to Dr. Mannixs home at 1,00pm but I declined.

It was now 11.00am. I looked at Dr. Mannix’s and Daniel O’Connell statues outside the cathedral. The Statue of O’Connell is a visible sign of thank you to the Irish contribution for the Catholic Church in Melbourne. The statue of Archbishop Daniel Mannix (1917-1963) to be found at the main entrance of St Patrick’s Cathedral. As mentioned check out the site.

Daniel Mannix, was born on Friday 4 March 1864 at Rahtluirc/Charleville, County Cork.

Eldest of eight children of Timothy Mannix and Ellen Cagney, three of whom died as children and another of TB at 22.

The rented family home at Deerpark was better off than many, it had 135 acres. The years of growing up corresponded to bitter struggles by Irish people for their land rights in which Michael Davitt and Charles Parnell were well known leaders.

He was educated at the Mercy Sisters school and the Christian Brothers in Charleville, and then at a junior training college for priests in Fermoy. In 1883 he went to study for the priesthood at Maynooth and was ordained a priest on 8 June 1890 in the year of Parnell’s fall from political power.

St. Patrick’s seminary at Maynooth in County Kildare, a training college for priests, was Daniel Mannix’s home for thirty years. in its chapel, he was ordained a priest and consecrated a bishop. He rapidly rose to be a professor of philosophy and then theology. From 1904 to 1912 he was president. In July 1911 he hosted a visit by King George V and Queen Mary.

Two years before that, in conjunction with the leading bishops, he opposed moves to make Irish a compulsory language for students and sacked the leading proponent of the language movement, Dr. Michael O’Hickey. It is possible when the bishops changed their position to one more favourable to the Irish language they arranged to appoint Mannix to Melbourne as part of the settlement. Whatever about that, at Maynooth in October 1912, he was consecrated a bishop as coadjutor to Dr Thomas Carr with right of succession to Melbourne.

Daniel Mannix arrived in Melbourne 0n 23 March 1913. His fame had gone before him. Crowds turned out in very big numbers for his religious services and school openings. One such crown came to Our Lady of Victories, Camberwell, in 1918.

When Archbishop Carr died on 6 may 1917, he becmae Archbishop of Melbourne for life. In this third quarter of his life three issues marked Mannix out from most other bishops: his strong support for the campaign against conscription for World War 1 (although he had initially supported that war); his radical republicanism on Ireland; and his support for the labour movement.

At the end of the war, On St. Patrick’s Day 1920, John Wren helped organise a guard of honour for Mannix made up of VC winners. Later that year he toured the USA on platforms with Irish independence leader Eamon de Valera but was taken of a ship at high seas by the British Navy to stop him going to Ireland. In England he took a leading role in funeral rites for hunger striker Terence MacSwinney. In 1925 he did go to Ireland but was not welcomed by the hierarchy or even the priest of his home parish. That year was also the last time he went to Rome: indeed he became known for an ironic rebelliousness against Roman church authorities. In Melbourne his popularity was high: in 1934, great crowds turned out in Victoria Parade outside St. Vincent’s hospital for religious services that he led as part of the National Eucharistic Congress.

During World War 11 (1939 – 1945) Archbishop Danniel Mannix criticised the total war approach of allied governments and condemned the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but supported the war in the Pacific. Around 1942, he funded and gave moral backing to a secret organisation known as the Movement (built on earlier Catholic Action Groups and later called the National Civic Council) led by Bartholomew Santamaria which played a central role in the 1954-5 split in the Australian Labour Party and which supported the Menzies governments. Mannix broke with the ALP and old labour movement friends such as Arthur Calwell. He supported the early days of the American War in Vietnam, for example by welcoming Ngo Dinh Diem.

Many remember him walking between Raheen, his home in Kew, and St. Patrick’s Cathedral, or on pastoral visits or at St. Patrick’s Day marches. When he died on 5 November 1963, an estimated 200,000 filed past his coffin. In 1999, a statue was erected in front of St. Patrick’s cathedral with a plaque giving one view of his life.

Information on other famous Irish People is avaialle here.

Information on Dr. Mannix is available (1) , (2) , (3), (4) and (5).

St. Patrick’s Cathedral

Though lacking the intricacy of design of St. Pauls, the Roman Catholic St. Patrick’s is another interesting Gothic Revival construction with exceptional stained-glass windows. Built between 1858 and 1940 (consecrated in 1897), St. Patrick’s was closely associated with immigrants from Ireland escaping the mid-19th-century potato famine. In the courtyard out front is a statue of the Irish patriot Daniel O’Connell. Allow 15 minutes.

Click on the picture to see it in its original size

Melbourne – Australia – Cathedral (27-08-2003)

Click on the picture to see it in its original size

Melbourne – Australia – Cathedral (27-08-2003)

Click on the picture to see it in its original size

Melbourne – Australia – Cathedral (27-08-2003)

Click on the picture to see it in its original size

Melbourne – Australia – Cathedral (27-08-2003)

Next I walked to the Houses of Parliament which are only five minutes away. I as informed by a policeman that the state government was sitting today and there would be no tours until Friday. Impressive building though. The Australian system is a complicated Federal system,m. Check out this political site. This is another dealing with the federal system.

I then walked to St. Paul’s Cathedral

Built from 1880 to 1892 from the designs of William Butterfield, a famous English Gothic revival architect, the Anglican St. Paul’s Cathedral is noteworthy for its highly-decorative interior and the English organ built by T. S Lewis. Gold mosaics cover the walls, Victorian tiles the floors, there are intricate woodcarvings, stained-glass windows, and the cathedral sports the second highest spire (at 98m/321 ft.) in the Anglican Communion. A boy’s choir sings at 5:10pm Monday through Friday during school times, and twice on Sunday at 10:30am and 6pm. Outside is a statue of Matthew Flinders, the first sailor to navigate the Australian mainland between 1801 and 1803. Allow 15 minutes.

Click on the picture to see it in its original size

Melbourne – Australia- Saint Pauls (27-08-2003)

I then visited the Gold Treasury Museum which is close to Saint Patricks and the parliament.

Designed by the architect J. J. Clarke (when he was only 19) and built in 1857, the Old Treasury Building is an imposing neoclassical sandstone building which once housed precious metal from the Ballarat and Bendigo gold rushes. The gold was stored in eight thick-walled vaults underground and protected by iron bars. The “Built on Gold” Exhibition within the vaults is a high-tech multimedia show featuring videos and displays showing how the gold was dug up, sold, transported, and housed. In the basement are the restored living quarters of a caretaker who lived there from 1916 to 1928. The ground floor is taken up by the “Melbourne: A City Built On Gold” display which shows how Melbourne was built using the profits from the gold rushes. A temporary exhibition gallery on the premises can feature anything from prints to gold-thread embroidery. Allow about an hour.

Click on the picture to see it in its original size

Melbourne – Australia- Treasury Museum (27-08-2003)

This was 5 AUS (student eate) in. It was a nice museum. Each vault had an interactive video presentation. There was also an exhibit about Australian farmers. There also was information on Lola Montez. She was a dancer and courtesan, was born in Ireland in 1818 and gained notoriety for her marriages and sexual liaisons as well as her dances, the most famous of which was the ‘Spider Dance’. She toured Australia in 1855 and 1856, dancing to packed hou ses in Sydney and Melbourne and on the Victorian goldfields where she encouraged diggers to show their appreciation by throwing gold nuggets onto the stage instead of bouquets of flowers.

I then went to the Immigration Museum:

Located in the Old Customs House in the heart of the city, the Immigration Museum explores stories of people from all over the world who have migrated to Victoria from the 1800s through to the present day. Stories are brought to life through moving images, computer interactives, voices, memories and belongings. The result is an entertaining experience that engages the senses.

Click on the picture to see it in its original size

Melbourne – Australia – Immigration Museum (27-08-2003)

It was six AUS in. It was a sparse museum but as much of the documentation is hidden way in the computers and interactive displays all is forgiven. All of the records of passengers arriving into Australia have been archived are open to research. I spent a little while reading some history books. There was a great interactive video display when allows you to judge whether you allow people to immigrate to Australia. You watch their video presentations etc. It was cool.

Click on the picture to see it in its original size

Melbourne – Australia – Various. Cityscape with Tram(27-08-2003)

Click on the picture to see it in its original size

Melbourne – Australia – Various (27-08-2003)

Click on the picture to see it in its original size

Melbourne – Australia – Various (27-08-2003)

It was now 5.00pm. I did little the rest of the evening.